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Components of a cooling tower

COMPONENTS OF A COOLING TOWER

A cooling tower is a specialized heat exchanger to removes excess heat and disperses it into the atmosphere. 

 INTRODUCTION

A cooling tower is a crucial component in various industrial processes for dissipating heat from water to the atmosphere. Since it achieves this through the process of evaporative cooling. There are the main components of a typical cooling tower

 KEY COMPONENTS OF A COOLING TOWER

Basin: The basin is the bottom part of the cooling tower that collects the cooled water after it passes through the tower. Therefore, it allows for the recirculation of water.

Filling: Filling typically made of plastic or wood, increases the contact surface area between the water and the air, promoting efficient heat transfer.

Drift Eliminators: These are devices used to reduce the amount of water droplets carried out of the tower with the exhaust air. They help minimize water loss from the cooling tower. More number of passes through the drift eliminator decreases the drift loss but increases the pressure drop thereby increasing the fan power consumption.

Spray Nozzles: Spray nozzles are used to distribute the hot water evenly over the fill media to facilitate efficient heat transfer.

Louvers: Louvers are located at the air inlet and help direct the airflow through the fill media, ensuring optimal contact with the water for effective heat transfer.

Fan: The fan is responsible for pulling air through the tower, aiding in the evaporation process, and cooling the water. So the fan creates the airflow required for heat exchange. Moreover, manufacturers typically make cooling tower fans from aluminum, fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP), glass fiber, and hot-dipped galvanized steel (HDGS).

Gearbox, Driveshafts & Mechanical Equipment Support: The drive shaft transmits power from the output shaft of the motor to the input shaft of gear reduction units. Then, the gearbox reduces the speed of the depending on the fan requirement. Additionally, torque tube unitized supports give permanent alignment of the motor, driveshaft & gear reducer.

Cooling Tower Instrumentation: Vibration switches, low oil level switches, and level switches for hot and cold water basins. Moreover, thermocouples for hot and cold water temperature measurements of inlet and outlet water. Besides, flow meters for cooling water makeup and blowdown rate are normal instrumentation systems available in any cooling tower.

 CONCLUSION

These components work together to cool water by promoting evaporation and transferring the heat from the water to the surrounding air, making the water suitable for recirculation in various industrial processes.

(Vn-Industry.)

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