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Coal mines in Australia


Australia’s coal mining industry is booming and rapidly expanding.


Despite a decline in the number of coal mines, Australia remains highly dependent on coal mining. Australia boasts 4 of the world’s 10 largest coal mines.

Australia’s coal mining industry is booming and rapidly expanding. Australian coal dominates the global coal market. With abundant reserves and efficient extraction, Australia reinforces its position in driving sustainable economic growth in Asia.

1. Coal Mining Operations in Australia

Australia ranks among the world’s largest coal exporters. In 2017 – 2018, Australia produced about 510 million tons of coal, exporting 75% of this output. This makes Australia the third-largest fossil fuel exporter globally. According to the Australian Institute of Public Policy, Australia emits about 57 tons of CO2 annually, about ten times the global average.

2. Top 5 Largest Coal Mines in Australia

    1. Carmichael Coal Mine

Carmichael is located in the northern central Queensland basin. It ranks among Australia’s largest coal mines. Despite environmental concerns, the Australian government approved the project in 2020. Adani Enterprises owns this mine and aims to start production in 2021.

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   2. Peak Downs Coal Mine

Peak Downs is in the Bowen Basin, central Queensland. It is one of Australia’s largest coal mines, owned by BHP Billiton Mitsubishi Alliance (BMA). BMA is a joint venture between BHP Billiton and Mitsubishi since 2001. In 2019, Peak Downs produced over 11.8 million tons of metallurgical coal.

  3. Mount Arthur Coal Mine

Mount Arthur is located in the Hunter Valley, New South Wales. Production began in 1968. It is the world’s eighth-largest coal mine with reserves of 591 million tons. Mount Arthur produces thermal coal for global energy industries. Its annual output exceeds 18 million tons with an estimated reserve life of 35 years.

  4. Goonyella Riverside Coal Mine

Goonyella Riverside is situated in the Bowen Basin. Goonyella started operations in 1971 and Riverside in 1982. The mines merged in 1989. The extractable coal reserves are 549 million tons, including 530 million tons of proven ore and 19 million tons of reserves. In 2019, the mine produced 17.1 million tons of coking coal. The operator is implementing an autonomous coal transport system here.

  5. Saraji Coal Mine

Saraji is located in the Bowen Basin and is the world’s 10th-largest coal mine. The extractable coal reserves are estimated at 502 million tons, including 442 million tons of proven coal and 60 million tons of reserves. In 2019, Saraji maintained strong mining operations.


Australia’s coal mining industry remains a global powerhouse, contributing significantly to the country’s economy and the global coal market. Despite environmental concerns and a global shift towards renewable energy, Australia’s largest coal mines, like Carmichael, Peak Downs, and Mount Arthur, continue to thrive. As these operations expand, Australia solidifies its role in driving economic growth and energy production in Asia.



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